First off, what is a French-style gallery? And second, how can you capture the look without spending a whole afternoon drilling random holes in your wall?
To better understand the classic French way of hanging art — sometimes called “salon-style” — PatronArt offers you a peek into the fascinating origins the famous French salon. Then, we’ll show you how to get an effortless-looking gallery wall in your own home using tricks of the trade from pro art installer Todd Rector.
The Salon began as an exhibit for the graduates of The Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture, and was held annually in Paris, beginning in the 1670s. A semi-public exhibit, it was named for the room in the Louvre where it was held, the Salon Carré, or “square room.” It was later opened to the public in 1737.
There were a lot of graduates and not much space, so it was customary to cover every inch of wall space in the Salon Carré with paintings. Sometimes it was so crowded that paintings were hung on top of one another. Although opening the exhibit to the public democratized the act of viewing art by letting people of different social classes mingle in the same space, salon-style hanging had its own rigid hierarchy.
The best and most important paintings (according to the judges) hung at eye level. They shuffled the paintings deemed less important to the bottom or top of the vaulted room, like undesirable products at a grocery store.
Eventually, the Impressionists swooped in and changed all that. They hung their paintings at eye level so the public could get a better look.
What does salon style look like now?
Today, salon-style hanging is resurfacing in popularity because of its charming, visually dynamic look. Art installers generally take a more holistic approach by abandoning the floor-to-ceiling look, and hang work more or less along the eyeline. Instead of using the free-for-all-method, they carefully consider each artwork, and think of it as part of a whole piece.
Hanging salon style takes a little more planning than traditional hanging, so PatronArt sat down with professional art installer Todd Rector for a few tried-and-true tips to turn your empty walls into a modern-day French gallery.
Get the gallery
“Salon style looks like it’s all over the place,” says Rector, “but it’s not, it’s actually carefully planned out. Typically, salon style includes many different shapes and styles, but it’s still laid out first. All of those pieces together form one piece, one giant puzzle that works together.”
So how do you go about hanging a bunch of puzzle pieces?
We’ve spoken with Rector before about traditional hanging, and luckily, his instructions for hanging a single painting have some overlap with salon style. Here’s his step-by-step process for hanging traditionally:
Step 1: Remember to wire the piece first
Step 2: Measure the distance from the wire to the top of the painting. This distance is called the drop height. Make sure you pull the wire all the way up, as if the piece were already hanging on the wall
Step 3: Measure the height of the piece in inches and divide by two
Step 4: Add 58 inches to that number
Step 5: Subtract the drop height
Step 6: The final number is the distance you’ll measure from the floor up. Mark this point with painters tape.
Step 7: You’ll also need to figure out the center from side to side, but only if you want the piece centered on the wall horizontally. Just find the halfway point from wall to wall. From there, you’ll find the point where the vertical eye level and horizontal center intersect. Mark that point. It’s where you’ll install your nails, hooks, or screws
Or, use the shortened formula to find the eye height of any piece:
Painting height(½) + 58 – drop height
So how does all that apply to salon style?
“With that layout, the 58-inch center is still there,” Rector says. The easiest way to keep your salon-style gallery wall at eye level is to pick one piece, find the eye level with Rector’s handy formula, and use it as the center of your grouping. You can then build your gallery wall out from this point.
A few more tips on salon style:
- Leave three inches of space between each piece, and keep that consistent throughout the grouping
- Avoid creating lines. Never line up art with a door or window frame, and, in salon-style, avoid hanging pieces in line with other pieces. Choose a variety of sizes, styles, and frames to keep things interesting
- Arrange smaller groups in odd numbers: one, three, or five. “Once you get past six pieces, odd or even numbers don’t matter,” says Rector
- Use the floor to work out the best flow for your pieces before you commit to drilling a bunch of holes in your wall
Arranging on the floor is a tactic Rector uses during salon-style installations because it works well for more complicated groupings.
“Whenever I do salon style, I lay everything out on the floor first, until I have the best flow. Typically, I’ll lay out a blanket that’s folded to the same dimensions as the wall I’m working with. Or I’ll use a tape line to measure the space. That square that I tape off is going to be centered at 58.”
Even though these are basic rules you can follow to get a stunning gallery wall in your own home, you’ll typically have a little more freedom with where you decide to place your gallery. Feel free to play with an asymmetrical layout. Experiment with different colors and styles, and don’t be afraid to let your gallery wall play off other design elements in your home.
Bonne chance and au revoir!
Don’t have enough art to hang gallery-style yet? Maybe we can help. Visit PatronArt to request a free, 15-minute consultation with our in-house art curator.